Port of Call Alexandria, Egypt
Twilight at the Port of Alexandria, Egypt. Alexandria is Egypt’s second-largest city after Cairo and the country’s main port. It was founded by Alexander the Great then fell into Roman hands after Cleopatra's death so has origins steeped in history. But most passengers eschew the local sights for the 3 hour/100 mile coach drive to the famous and awe-inspiring Great Pyramids and Sphinx of Giza, situated on the south western outskirts of Cairo.
Alexandria Shore Excursions
Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, Alexandria
The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa are one of the Seven Medieval Wonders of the World. The massive necropolis contains of a series of Alexandrian tombs, with statues and archaeological items from the Pharaonic afterlife cult. A long spiral staircase drops down into the tombs that were tunneled out of the bedrock in the 2nd century AD. There are over 40 galleries of tombs, sometimes 5 storey high.
Fort Qaitbay, Alexandria
Fort Qaitbay was built in the late 15th century by Sultan Qaitbey on the site of the Pharos Lighthouse, to guard the city from the crusaders who would attack the city from the sea. Debris from the original Lighthouse was used in its construction.
Kom El Dekka amphitheater, Alexandria
The Roman Kom El Dekka amphitheater is modest in size, but in amazing condition. It seated about 800 people on 13 white marble terraces. The circular structure is different to the more typical oval amphitheater.
Great Pyramids of Giza
The Great Pyramids of Giza were built in around 2500 BC with blocks of limestone from the plateau and from the nearby Turah hills. The Great Pyramid of Cheops alone, the only present-day survivor of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, required more than two million huge stone blocks, each weighing over 2 tons. The pyramids were built as royal tombs for the fourth dynasty kings. It takes about 3 hours on a coach to reach Giza from Alexandria.
Great Sphinx of Giza
The Great Sphinx of Giza is located in what used to be a quarry to the east of the pyramid of Chephren. This mysterious creature that is half lion and half man may have been built as a guardian of the Pyramids by the pharoah Khafrre.
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